Early Neonatal Care has emerged as an emerging field in the third of the 21st Century. Several countries have opted to commit huge capital, manpower, and resources to attaining this goal. Exemplary research and interventions are being conducted to meet this goal (Cairns & Banks 2009, p. 169).
Early Neonatal Care encompasses increasing newborn developmental and testing possibilities. There is a noticeable need for teaching and reviewing of the post-natal environment. These tasks bring about improved learning and development. The process of learning and developmental processes is then followed up through the process of behavioral assessment.
The earliest experience of a child is the earliest possible experience hence teaching and testing are used to increase survival chances (Roth & Benlan 2009, p.46). These steps are usually undertaken by experienced specialists thus shortening the learning process. Therefore, this paper explores the need for increasing early pediatric intensive care in Canada. There is need to increase prenatal care. This will consequently increase the chances of survival of newborns. This ensures resuscitation of newborn babies who have otherwise been born with conditions that could render them unable to survive.
The rationale behind advocating for an expansion of neonatal intensive care is manifested in the fact that great many newborns can be born with problems that ought to be considered for early prenatal and infant care. These problems include prematurity, delayed weight up, congenital conditions and mental retardation. An important result of the foregoing is increased survival chances of newborns since in many circumstances, remedies can be quickly acquired for the neonatal care. It is in recognition of this that there is a good need to increase and renovate the current neonatal intensive care units in Canadian hospitals.
This will be essential in helping newborns be brought to their proper care (Johnson & Johnston 2008, p. 33). Currently, there are 23 per cent of premature infants born in Canada. In fact, in the year 2008, 2,300 infants were born prematurely (Szafranski 2002, p. 57). One the major challenges is that various complications are present at different phases during the birth stages (Szafranski 2002, p. 57). This can pose various complications during the neonatal care which lead to survival of the newborn babies.
Risks of carrying a premature infant in a neonatal intensive care unit
Pregnant women should take advice concerning appropriate care of their infants especially for their premature infant children. Since the interventions required for special medical care necessitate that cesarean or abdominal delivery, such parents might be reluctant to carry their premature infant children to a neonatal intensive care unit. In fact, they might not wish to deliver their premature children to a neonatal intensive care unit. Nevertheless, such babies born premature or who fall in small birth weights are very vulnerable. They have to be treated intensively since they have a very high death rate when delivered by cesarean or abdominal delivery (Arnould & Ryan 2008, p. 335).
In other words, having a premature infant in neonatal intensive care facility presents some challenges because of the various issues associated with the neonatal care. However, since most infants that are born prematurely are medically sound, carrying a premature infant in a neonatal intensive care unit does not present any other challenge other than the challenges of delivering the infant. Hence, there is need to increase and renovate the existing neonatal intensive care facilities to ensure that neonates are treated.
Ideally, capacity is a very crucial factor in neonatal intensive care facilities. Therefore, an expansion of neonatal intensive care and renovation will provide for enough capacity. Such expansions will enable the facilities to deal with the numerous cases of children suffering from various medical complications.
Such facilities require highly skilled specialists who are versed in performing particular surgical procedures and resuscitating newborn babies. Nurses are often the most prolific workers in performing such tasks (Scott & Johnson 2003, p.39). If the number of specialists increases, it means that the current specialized nurses will be able to deliver their duties efficiently thus meeting the health services delivery standards for neonatal care.
Increased spending on the facilities, therefore, will also result in increased survival chances for newborns. The main patients in the facility are newborn babies with major life threatening health problems. The features that pose a great number of risks to newborn babies’ survival include higher maternal age, gestational age, and other life threatening complications.
Therefore, an increase in the number of specialists in the center is critical in such situations. In the case of infants under two years of age, they are less likely to survive due to their constant needing for continuous care. Hence, their survival chances considerably increase after incorporation of specialized specialists.
In conclusion, growing demand for neonatal intensive care necessitates that government agencies in Canada invest in the equipment and medical facilities needed to ensure a rise in survival chances of newborn babies. The need to expand the facilities is manifested by the increasing number of newborn babies who exhibit life threatening medical